Xuan Thuy National Park is a beautiful mangrove forest, covering about 7,100 hectares. It is located approximately 150 km Southeast of Hanoi at the mouth of the Red River...
rich alluvium soil supports a rich diversity of wetland flora and
fauna, particularly migratory birds.Moreover, Xuan Thuy was the first
wetland area to become a Ramsar site in Southeast Asia. (The
Convention on Wetlands, signed in Ramsar, Iran in 1971, is an
intergovernmental treaty which provides a framework for national
action and international cooperation for the conservation and
sustainable use of wetland resources). This wetland area has local,
national, and international significance as a migratory bird habitat
and for its ecosystem services.
Xuan Thuy has great economic value. The livelihood of the local
people are intrinsically tied to the health of the mangrove forest.
Consequently, the National Park is working to promote sustainable
livelihood practices from agro-forestry to ecologically friendly
Thuy National Park is an area rich in biodiversity. It has 150
species of vascular plants, 120 of which thrive particularly well in
the wetland habitat. The mangrove forest helps stabilize the alluvium
soil as well as provides food and shelter for marine life and other
fauna, storm and flood protection, and biochemical cycling, which
greatly contributes to the ecological balance of the region as a
aquatic plant species have been recorded. Certain species of seaweed
in particular are of high economic value. Over 500 species of benthos
and zooplankton (shrimp, fish, crab, oysters, etc.) have also been
identified. Many of the local people depend on harvest of these
resources for their livelihood.
Thuy is also home to 219 species of birds from 41 families and 13
orders. It is a significant resting and feeding sight for migratory
waterbirds as they head from the north to the south, especially
during November and December. Without stopping in Xuan Thuy, they
would not be able to complete their flight, which is often thousands
of kilometers long. In season, there are up to 30 or 40 thousand
birds staying in Xuan Thuy before continuing their long migratory
nine species of birds designated as endangered by the International
Red Book have been sighted in Xuan Thuy: Western Curlew, Black-faced
Spoonbill, Saunder's Gull, Painted Stork, Asian Dowitcher,
Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Spot-billed Pelican, Nordmann's Greenshank,
and Chinese Egret.
Thuy also provides a habitat for other rare animal species. These
include species of otter, porpoise, and whale. Furthermore, it has 30
species of reptiles and countless species of insects.
a visit to this area, you can expect to see rustling waves of green
rice stalks, the sky's reflection on the numerous rivers and ponds,
as well as buffalo and cows sharing the road with local residents.
This area has had a long history of wet rice cultivation as well as
dike construction and land reclamation. The local land is also noted
for the human ecological model of VAC (model of planting vegetable
gardens, raising fish in ponds, and animal husbandry all in the home)
and silvofishery models. Additionally, several pagodas and churches
dot the landscape, adding to the eclectic beauty of the region.
are five buffer communities surrrounding Xuan Thuy: Giao Thien, Giao
An, Giao Lac, Giao Xuan, and Giao Hai. The local people in these
communities are characterized by their honest, hospitable, and
hard-working nature. Their livelihood is primarily tied to wet rice
cultivation, animal husbandry, and aquatic product (fish, crab,
shrimp, clam, etc.) cultivation and harvesting. These communities
show a strong Catholic and/or Buddhist influence. Traditional
performing arts include the art of Cheo and Chau Van as well as the
dragon dance. Other notable cultural activities are sculling and cock